Internet Resources

Links to other non-profit, education and government web sites with content relevant to nursing history is provided without endorsement of those sites.

AAHN encourages web visitors to look to traditional sources, libraries, archives and special collections, for the answers to their questions on nursing history - the webmaster is unable to provide the answers to research or general nursing history questions.

Always cite your sources and beware of websites with no documentation!

Ad-Access
Ad*Access Project, funded by the Duke Endowment "Library 2000" Fund, presents images and database information for over 7,000 advertisements printed in U.S. and Canadian newspapers and magazines between 1911 and 1955.
Ad-Access

A History of U. S. Army Base Hospital No. 48 - Nurses
This page is part of the Homéopathe International, a French non-profit organization dedicated to develop an information database on homeopathy on the net.
Nurses at U.S. Army Base Hospital No. 48

American Association for the History of Medicine
The AAHM web site has links to many interesting resources in the history of science and medicine.
AAHM Web Site

American Collectors of Infant Feeders
For those who collect nursing artifacts, specifically invalid feeders, this is a collectors' organization. The ACIF considers invalid feeders a "go-with" or related item. Their website has information on both the association as well as the history and information on invalid feeders, pap boats, medicine spoons and similar items.
American Collectors of Infant Feeders

American Historical Association
Home page for the American Historical Association
American Historical Association

American National Red Cross
For American Red Cross Archives please click here.
American National Red Cross
ARC- Store

An 1895 Look at Nursing
Reproduced at this Emergency Nursing World site is a very long excerpt from the book Ambulance Work And Nursing - A Handbook On First Aid To The Injured With A Section On Nursing, Etc. W. T. Keener & Co. circa 1895.
An 1895 Look at Nursing

Archives for Research on Women and Gender (ARWG)
ARWG is under the direction of the University of Texas- San Antonio. This web site provides not only the womens archives of Texas but provides links to women's archival collection throughout the country and a few international collections as well.
Archives for Research on Women and Gender

Army Nurse Corps Association
ANCA is a voluntary organization of, by, and for United States Army Nurse Corps officers
Army Nurse Corps Association

Black Nurses in History
This is a "bibliography and guide to web resources" from the UMDNJ and Coriell Research Library. Included are Mamie O. Hail, Mary Eliza Mahoney, Jessie Sleet Scales, Mary Seacole, Mabel Keaton Staupers, Susie King Taylor, Sojourner Truth, Harriet Tubman.
Black Nurses in History

Brief History of Black Women in the Military
This feature was written by Kathryn Sheldon, former Curator for Women In Military Service For America Memorial Foundation, Inc.
WIMSA feature

CADUCEUS
CADUCEUS-L: is the History of the Health Sciences Forum, a moderated electronic discussion list that provides a forum for exchanging information on any aspect of the history of the health sciences. It includes announcements, inquiries, and discussion on access to historical sources. To subscribe send e-mail to:
listproc@list.umaryland.edu
Leave the subject line blank, and in the message put only:
Sub CADUCEUS-L

Canadian Association for the History of Nursing (CAHN)
Founded in 1987 the CAHN is an interest group of the Canadian Nurses Association, with the purpose to promote interest in the history of nursing and to develop scholarship in the field. Their annual meetings are in June.
CAHN

Cherry Ames
This site has an extensive collection of material related to the Cherry Ames series. Included are an essay on "Cherry Ames War Nurse: Fiction meets Reality" and complete lists of the books in this series, as well as links to other nurse books, such as the Miss Pinkerton series written by (nurse) Mary Roberts Rinehart.
Cherry Ames

Civil War Resources
Civil War sites abound on the Internet. Here are some relevant to nursing:

Clendening History of Medicine Library - Florence Nightingale Letters
A selection of Florence Nightingale manuscripts, including links to other Nightingale web sites.
Letters from Miss Nightingale

Collected Works of Florence Nightingale
This site details the work on an upcoming publication on the writings of Florence Nightingale.
Collected Works of Nightingale

Country Joe McDonald's Florence Nightingale Tribute
This site contains a chronology of Nightingale and is loaded with images. Unfortunately there is poor documentation although he mentions Sir Edward Cook's biography of Miss Nightingale. There is also a lovely calendar that can be printed out.
Joe McDonald's Nightingale Tribute

Crile Hospital Archives - Healing Others: Healing Ourselves, A videohistory of the African American Nurse
The current project of the archives of this former Army Hospital is to document the history of the African American Nurse. They are eliciting materials to further enhance the collection.
E-mail Dr. Banks
The Crile Archives Western Campus C.C.C.
11000 Pleasant Valley Road
Parma, OH 44130
Phone: 216-987-5594   Fax: 216-987-5050
Crile Hospital Archives

Edith Cavell
There are numerous resources on Edith Cavell to be found on the internet. One of these is:
Edith Cavell

Florence Nightingale Museum Trust
Built on the site of St. Thomas Hospital this museum is dedicated to preserving the legacy of Nightingale. Open Tuesday - Sunday.
2 Lambeth Palace Road
London SE1, 7EW UK
Phone: 00 44 171 620 0374
Fax: 00 44 171 928 1760
E-mail Curator@florence-nightingale.co.uk
Web site Florence Nightingale Museum Trust

The Foundation for the History of Women in Medicine
Their mission is "preserving the past to influence the future" of women in medicine.
FHWIM
P. O. Box 543
Pottstown, PA 19464
Telephone: (484) 945-2106
Foundation for the History of Women in Medicine

Frontier Nursing Service
On this site is a brief history of the midwifery service founded by Mary Breckinridge in 1925. The page is by Kentucky Coalition of Nurse Practitioners and Nurse Midwives.
Frontier Nursing Service

Georgetown University
The History of the School of Nursing & Health Studies

Guide to Canadian Nursing Archival Resources
The Guide to Canadian nursing archival resources is a PDF document which lists materials within Canadian archives, museums, libraries and professional nursing organizations, compiled by the Canadian Association for the History of Nursing [CAHN].
Canadian Archival Resources

The History Guide
The History Guide was created for the high school and undergraduate student who is either taking classes in history, or who intends to major in history in college. A Student's Guide to the Study of History, What is History? and Resources for Historians are available.
The History Guide

History Matters
Created by the American Social History Project / Center for Media and Learning (Graduate Center, CUNY) and the Center for History and New Media (George Mason University). There are many stories of nurses and nursing here - use the keyword search.
    "This Is How It Was": An American Nurse in France During World War I
    Beyond Bedpans: The Life of a Late Nineteenth Century Young Nurse
    "Cutting a New Path": A World War II Navy Nurse Fights Sexism in the Military
    Kellogg African American Health Care Project: The Oral Histories

Also on this site is Making Sense of Evidence guides to primary source material. History Matters

History of Health Sciences Resources
This jump site for resources in all health sciences is from the website for the History of the Health Sciences Section of MLA.
History of Health Sciences

History of Medicine On-Line
An on-line journal devoted to the history of medicine.
History of Medicine On-line

History of Medicine Resources
Selected Special Collections and Archives in the History of Medicine from Yale's Cushing/Whitney Medical Library. Listing of History of Medicine Collections and Archives

HIV/AIDs 20th Anniversary
To commemorate the 20th anniversary of the first publication about AIDS, The NIH History Office launched a website, In Their Own Words: NIH Researchers Recall the Early Days of AIDS. The website features some of the oral history interviews the NIH Historian,Victoria A. Harden, and her colleagues have done since 1988 with NIH physicians, scientists, nurses, and administrators whose work comprised the NIH's response to AIDS between 1981 and 1988.
In Their Own Words

History of Registration, from Royal British Nurses' Association
Ethel Bedford-Fenwick, THE mover and shaker for registration in the UK, is featured on this site.
Registration History - Britain

Invalid feeders, pap boats and feeding bottles
A private collection of Lawrence Webster.
Ceramic Feeders

Library of Congress
American Memory from the Library of Congress
Historical Collection for National Digital Library
American Memory consists of collections of primary source and archival material relating to American culture and history. These historical collections are the Library of Congress's key contribution to the national digital library. Most of these offerings are from special collections of the Library of Congress. (http://lcweb.loc.gov/spcoll/spclhome.html).
Library of Congress: American Memory
Also available from the Library of Congress is material on Walt Whitman, including his "Hospital Notebook".
Walt Whitman Notebooks

Life in the Army Nurse Corps

Margaret Sanger Papers Project
Margaret Sanger, birth control activist, was a nurse. This web site details the project of the Department of History at New York University to arrange and publish her papers which are in the Sophia Smith Collection at Smith College Archives. Information about video productions and links to related web sites are available.
Margaret Sanger Project

MedHist
Sponsored by the Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine [UK], this is a guide to history of medicine resources on the Internet.
Medical History Electronic Discussion List

Internet Modern History Sourcebook
There are some source materials to be found here, including Florence Nightingale on Rural Hygiene, from Selected Writings of Florence Nightingale. The site also has material on Studying History, Using Primary Sources.
Internet Modern History Sourcebook

Mississippi Public Health Nursing in the 1930s
The site contains digitized versions of materials owned and used by Caroline H. Benoist, a Public Health Nurse, during her career in Mississippi during the 1930s. This rich digitized collection is a valuable source of primary data.
http://cnhi-benoist.nursing.virginia.edu/

My Aunt My Hero
Helen Fairchild was a member of the Pennsylvania Hospital Unit during World War I. This web site features a summary of her life and considerable correspondence from Miss Fairchild to family during her service at the front.
My Aunt, My Hero

My Mother's War
Helen T. Burrey was an American nurse who served as a Red Cross Nurse during World War I. She documented her experience in both a journal and a scrapbook which has been treasured by her daughter, Mary Murphy. Ms Murphy has placed many of these items on the Internet for people to access and it provides a first-hand account of that experience. Additionally she has a variety of links to other WWI resources.
My Mother's War

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
The Archival Research Catalog (ARC) is the online catalog of NARA's nationwide holdings in the Washington, DC area, Regional Archives and Presidential Libraries. Most of the holdings related to nurses are military nurses.
NARC-National Archives

National League for Nursing (NLN) - History
This page offers a brief history of the NLN at three points in the last century: from its start in 1893 as the Society for Superintendents of Training Schools, the re-organization and name change in 1952 and some contemporary activity.
History of the NLN

National Library of Medicine - Online and Digital Exhibits
A changing selection of their collection is online.
NLM Online and Digital Exhibits

National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections (NUCMC)
NUCMC is a cooperative cataloging program operated by the Library of Congress for organizations without access to the Research Libraries information Network (RLIN). NUCMC's home page has a link (click on the cataloging icon) to a search form that will provide researchers with free access to the RLIN AMC file. Archives or other organizations with nursing archival holdings may be located using NUCMC.
NUCMC Home Page

Native Women Veterans
This page, by Brenda Finnicum, started as a tribute to and history of Native American Nurses in the Army Nurse Corps. It has expanded to include all Native American women veterans.
Native Women veterans

Navy Nurse Corps Association (NNCA)
For veteran Navy Nurse Corps members. This site sells a book, In and Out of Harm's Way, about the Nurses Corp History
Navy Nurse Corps Association (NNCA)
PO Box 1229
Oak Harbor WA 98277-1229
Navy Nurse Corps Association

Navy Nurse Corps: Oral Histories, Corps History and Photographs
There are some oral histories from members of the Navy Nurse Corps, mostly circa WWII.
Oral Histories from Navy Nurse Corps

North Carolina Nursing History
This website, sponsored by Appalachian State University, was created by AAHN member Dr. Phoebe Pollitt and is dedicated to sharing the history and heritage of organized nursing in North Carolina.
http://nursinghistory.appstate.edu/

Nursing, History and Health Care
This site serves as a source of in-depth historical background information on issues regarding the nursing profession and the provision of nursing care.
http://www.nursing.upenn.edu/nhhc/Pages/Welcome.aspx

Nursing History Links - Nurses.Info
Nurses.info is owned and financially sponsored by Australian Nursing Agency. There are some pages on nursing history and links to other sites.
Nursing History Links

The Nursing Sisters of Canada - Veterans Affairs Canada
History of Canadian Nurses

On-Line Images from the History of Medicine
This system provides access to nearly 60,000 images (reproducing photographs, artwork, and printed texts) drawn from the extensive collection of the History of Medicine Division at the US National Library of Medicine. This database is searchable; this is a very busy website.
On-Line Images from the History of Medicine

Footnote -Original Documents
View, save and share original images or historical documents on the internet. Requires a subscription or access through a subscribing library.
Footnote

Nursing Uniforms of the Past and Present
http://www.pulseuniform.com/nursing/nursing-uniforms.asp

Philadelphia General Hospital Photo Collection
This site is a digitized photo collection of the Alumnae Association of the Philadelphia General Hospital School of Nursing, one of the largest, well known and prestigious Hospital Based School of Nursing in the U.S.
http://dla.library.upenn.edu/dla/nursing/index.html

Pioneer nurses of West Virginia
Linda Cunningham Fluharty has developed this site that explores history of nurses, schools, hospitals in West Virginia.
West Virginia Nursing History

"Pflegegeschichte online"   
Online German journal for the history of nursing, between 1999-2001. This is in German and is in PDF format.
Pflegegeschichte online

Rockefeller Archive Center
The Rockefeller Archives, located in Tarrytown NY, has a significant collection related to nursing AND funding is available for researchers using their collections.
Rockefeller Archive Center

Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe College
Archive and women's history center.
Schlesinger Library

Sigma Theta Tau International - Archival Resources
This page has some history of Sigma Theta Tau International as well as information on the role of an archival consultant by Veronica C. O' Day, and a list of the Heritage Committee which is meant to assist STTI chapters in preserving their history.
STTI Heritage

Southern Association for the History of Medicine and Science
They hold an annual conference in the Spring.
SAHMS website

United States Archives with Web Sites
A listing of over 3000 web sites describing holdings of manuscripts, archives, rare books, historical photographs, and other primary sources for the research scholar. These U.S. archives are arranged geographically.
Archives with Web Sites

Virginia Nursing History
Virginia Nursing History was compiled by the Joint History Committee of the Virginia Nurses' Association and the Virginia League for Nursing and is maintained by Special Collections and Archives, Tompkins-McCaw Library, VCU Libraries, Virginia Commonwealth University.
Virginia Nursing History

Women's History Resources
These web sites provide links to many resources on Women's History
National Women's History Project
Women's History: A Todd Library Research Guide

Women in Vietnam
This website has a collection of articles and published documents, including letters and audiotapes by and about women who served in VietNam.
Women in Vietnam

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